Europeans possessed no immunity to, or protection for, malaria which was found across huge parts of the continent. Sleeping sickness was also rife, in addition to a number of “fevers” that would routinely kill whole exploration teams.
What three diseases were common in Africa?
With malnutrition as a common contributor, the five biggest infectious killers in Africa are acute respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrhea, malaria and tuberculosis, responsible for nearly 80% of the total infectious disease burden and claiming more than 6 million people per year.
What diseases did European bring to Africa?
For millennia the continent had many of the diseases that were in Europe: plague, leprosy, syphilis.
What disease were brought to Africa?
During and after this period, Africa played an essential role in the discovery and treatment of many diseases such as malaria, trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), smallpox, syphilis, tuberculosis and plague (Packard 2007; Webb 2013).
What diseases did colonizers bring to Africa?
Sleeping sickness, smallpox and skin infections were the most obvious. Colonial authorities attempted mass inoculation campaigns for smallpox and set up quarantine zones that restricted where the porters were allowed to travel. But even so, the diseases spread. Among them was syphilis, which arrived with the Europeans.
What disease did Europeans bring to North America?
Europeans brought deadly viruses and bacteria, such as smallpox, measles, typhus, and cholera, for which Native Americans had no immunity (Denevan, 1976).
Why are diseases common in Africa?
In fact, the Center for Disease Control estimates that roughly 88% of cases are caused by unclean water or poor hygienic conditions. The lack of water sanitation measures is a major problem in Africa, a region with some of the poorest access to clean water in the world.
What disease did the British bring to Africa?
For its spread across the world, we can blame colonialism. It is thought that malaria began to travel out of Africa about 3 000 years ago, after which its spread was hastened by wars and the import of human labour.
What is Colonial disease?
Tropical, or ‘colonial’, medicine was a new field at the turn of the century, linked closely both to European expansionism and human trypanosomiasis, or sleeping sickness. In 1901 a devastating epidemic had erupted in Uganda, killing well over 250,000 people.
How did quinine allow for European colonization of Africa?
Since the lowered mortality rate from malaria enabled Europeans to live in areas where the disease was prevalent, quinine has been seen as a tool of nineteenth century colonialism that was critical for empire expansion throughout Asia and Africa.
What diseases did the British bring to South Africa?
It is believed that in ten years between 50% and 90% of the population was attacked by these same diseases: smallpox, influenza, typhus, diphtheria, chicken pox and measles.
Where did syphilis come from?
Around 3000 BC the sexually transmitted syphilis emerged from endemic syphilis in South-Western Asia, due to lower temperatures of the post-glacial era and spread to Europe and the rest of the world.
What diseases were native to America before European contact?
Old World diseases that were not present in the Americas until contact include bubonic plague, measles, smallpox, mumps, chickenpox, influenza, cholera, diphtheria, typhus, malaria, leprosy, and yellow fever.