It preserved native laws and traditional institutions. It was very economical. It maintained law and order. It gave citizens a sense of belonging.
Was indirect rule successful?
Indirect rule succeeded in northern Nigeria because there was already in existence a native judicial system. The Emirs in northern Nigeria operated a court system where criminals were tried and if found guilty, convicted. This was the very system Lord Lugard adopted and reformed.
Why was indirect rule partially successful in the West?
West. The West on the other hand was on a middle ground. The indirect rule was partially successful due to the checks and balances inculcated in their political system. The Yoruba Obas were not absolute like in the North, thus, they were accountable to their people.
What were the advantages of indirect rule?
Advantages of Indirect Rule
(i) It recognized and preserved African culture and tradition. (ii) It ruled the people through their traditional rulers. It used the traditional rules as a link to their people. (iii) It contributed in training traditional rulers in the art of modern local government administration.
What is indirect rule in West Africa?
According to Lugard, Indirect Rule was a political doctrine which held that the Europeans and Africans were culturally different to this extent, Africans had to be ruled through the Africans own institution.
Was indirect rule successful in the West?
Indirect rule in the West was not successful because of the following: There was no centralised administration like in the North. The imposition of tax led to riots in the Isieyin and Ikare. Early emergence of educated elite who strongly criticised the indirect rule.
Why was indirect rule not successful in some part of Nigeria?
Presence of educated elite in southern Nigeria
These educated elite, some of whom were lawyers and journalists, were British-trained. They opposed the policies of the British if it was found to be detrimental to the interest of the local people. That is why the indirect rule did not succeed in southern Nigeria.
Why did indirect rule fail in Igbo land?
Decentralized nature of government:
One of the major reasons why indirect rule failed in the the east was because of the decentralized system of government in the east. Apparently, the east was made up of majorly Igbo, and the precolonial political system of the igbos was democratic in nature.
What was the impact of indirect rule?
A significant difference between assimilation and indirect rule was that the indigenous education system was better maintained under indirect rule. In India, indigenous institutions continued to exist, and upon independence, efforts were made to integrate the domi- nant and indigenous education systems.
What were the effects of the indirect rule system in West Africa?
The greatest fault of the Indirect Rule system, however, was its complete exclusion of the West African educated elite from local government: the educated elite were excluded from both Native Administration and colonial government, and thus became transformed into an alienated class.
What are the benefits of indirect rule vs direct rule?
In contrast, direct rule imposed European leaders, laws, and institutions on indigenous populations. Indirect and direct rule thus had opposite effects on pre-colonial structures of power: indirect rule aimed to preserve them, while direct rule was intended to eradicate and replace them with a new colonial order.
What were the benefits of direct rule?
Direct rule provides for greater control, because a central authority makes all of the laws for another country, state or province.
When was indirect rule introduced in Africa?
In 1896, when the British established a protectorate over what would be the modern territory of Sierra Leone, they set up a canonical version of indirect rule.