Why does Southern Africa have such a rich and diverse flora?

The high plant species richness of the Cape Peninsula is due to the exceptionally high turnover between moderately species-rich sites in different habitats (beta diversity) and between sites in similar habitats along geographical gradients (gamma diversity).

Why does South Africa have such a rich biodiversity?

The diversity of topography, climate, geology and people in South Africa presents a wide variety of natural and cultural resources. It is notably considered one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world due to its species diversity, rate of endemism and diverse ecosystems.

Why does South Africa have such a rich floristic diversity?

Species richness in the Cape Region is hypothesized to have resulted from the presence of a complex mosaic of diverse habitats and steep ecological gradients against a background of relatively stable climate and geology after the mediterranean climate was established there sometime after the beginning of the Pliocene.

What is the reason for the high diversity in Southern Africa?

South Africa’s ‘mega diverse’ status (it is one of 17 countries which collectively contain two-thirds of the world’s biodiversi- ty) is due largely to the wide range of climatic conditions and habitats found in the country, from arid deserts to moist, humid subtropical forests, and variable topography ranging from sea …

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What is the flora of South Africa?

One of only six floral kingdoms in the world and unique to this small area, the region supports over 9,000 plant species, 70% of which are found nowhere else on the planet. These include exquisite species such as the king protea (South Africa’s national flower) and the exotic pincushion.

Is South Africa rich in biodiversity?

South Africa is a special country, with diverse cultures, remarkable geological wealth and exceptional biodiversity, much of which is unique to our nation. The diversity and uniqueness of South Africa’s species and ecosystems makes us one of the world’s 17 megadiverse nations.

What is South Africa’s main ecosystem?

From mountain highlands to forests to savannas to the sub-Antarctic tundra on Prince Edward Island, South Africa is a truly diverse place. It is bordered by six countries and by the Indian and Atlantic Oceans.

Ecological Regions Of South Africa.

Ecological Regions Of South Africa (as per World Wide Fund for Nature) Biome
Kalahari Zambezian Freshwater

How much of South Africa is biodiversity?

South Africa ranks as the third most biodiverse country in the world. It is recognised for high levels of endemism and is home to over 95,000 known species. The country also boasts a diverse range of biomes, from forests to deserts, estuaries and marine systems.

What is the biodiversity of Africa?

Africa is immensely rich in biodiversity. Its living organisms comprise around a quarter of global biodiversity and it supports the earth’s largest intact assemblages of large mammals, which roam freely in many countries.

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What is diversity and biodiversity?

The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.