Tuberculosis is a serious public health issue in South Africa. About 450,000 people develop the disease every year, and 270,000 of those are also living with HIV. TB is South Africa’s leading cause of death. About 89,000 people die from it every year; that’s ten people every hour.
Does South Africa have a high rate of TB?
South Africa is one of the 30 high burden tuberculosis (TB) countries that collectively contribute to 87% of the estimated incident cases worldwide, and the country accounts for 3% of cases globally. Adjusting for population size, South Africa is often ranked the highest in terms of incidence rate for TB.
What percentage of South Africans have TB?
The estimated prevalence of TB (all ages, all forms) in South Africa in 2018 was 737 (95% CI 580-890) per 100,000 population.
How common is TB today?
In 2018, 1.7 billion people were infected by TB bacteria — roughly 23% of the world’s population. TB is the leading infectious disease killer in the world, claiming 1.5 million lives each year.
How many people have died of TB in South Africa?
The WHO estimates that 61 000 people died of TB in South Africa in 2020, an increase of around 5% over 2019. That works out to over 1 100 TB deaths every week.
Why is TB common in South Africa?
Around 1.8% of new cases of TB in South Africa are multi-drug resistant. HIV infection is a key factor in the TB epidemic. HIV sufferers have a higher risk of contracting TB and a greater chance of dying.
Does South Africa have tuberculosis?
The mean prevalence of TB (weighted for numbers of adults evaluated) in the South African communities was 2.34 (95% CI 2.17–2.52) per 100 adults overall, 3.81 (95% CI 3.25–4.47) per 100 treatment-experienced adults and 2.13 (95% CI 1.96–2.31) per 100 treatment-naïve adults.
What is the biggest killer in South Africa?
TB tops leading causes of death in SA in 2018. The total number of deaths that occurred in South Africa and were processed by Stats SA in 2018, were 454 014.
How Long Has TB been in South Africa?
TB was declared a notifiable disease, with compulsory registration of all cases, in the Cape and in Natal in 1904. In 1919 TB was made a notifiable medical condition throughout the entire country.
How is TB diagnosed in South Africa?
Testing for adults is done by taking two sputum samples and the results are normally available after two to three days. Testing for children is done using skin tests and chest X-rays. TB treatment is free at clinics.