Which European country lost all of its African colonies as a result of its defeat in WWI?

For Germany, defeat also meant the loss of all its African colonies. They did not, however, become independent but simply acquired new masters: Britain and France. When the victorious powers signed the Treaty of Versailles to seal the end of the war, they laid down peoples’ right to self-determination.

Did Germany lose its colonies in Africa?

Germany’s overseas colonies, virtually without hope of reinforcement from Europe, defended themselves with varying degrees of success against Allied attack. The rebellion died out in February 1915, but the Germans in South West Africa nevertheless did not capitulate until July 9. …

What happened to African colonies after ww1?

Germany was eliminated as a colonial power, and replaced by France and Britain in the Cameroon and Togo, by the Union of South Africa in South West Africa and by Britain and Belgium in German East Africa, the latter gaining the small but densely populated provinces of Ruanda and Urundi (now Rwanda and Burundi).

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Which African country defeated European invaders?

Ethiopia. Ethiopia achieved international prestige with its uniquely successful military resistance during the late 19th-century Scramble for Africa, becoming the only African country to defeat a European colonial power and retain its sovereignty.

What Europe lost after ww1?

In Europe, they retained only the country of Turkey. Poland, which had long been divided among Germany, Russia, and Austria-Hungary, was reconstituted. Russian land yielded the new nations of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Russia and Austria-Hungary gave up additional territory to Poland and Romania.

Which colonies did Germany lose?


Territory Period Current countries
German East Africa 1891–1918 Burundi Kenya Mozambique Rwanda Tanzania
Kiautschou Bay Leased Territory 1898–1914 China

What happened to German East Africa?

The commission reasoned that Germany had virtually forced Portugal to cede the triangle in 1894. The Treaty of Versailles was signed on 28 June 1919, although the treaty did not take effect until 10 January 1920. On that date, the GEA was transferred officially to Britain, Belgium, and Portugal.

Which countries in Africa were colonized by Germany?

As a latecomer in the struggle for colonies, Germany had to settle for four territories, called “protectorates,” in Africa: Togo and Cameroon in the west, German Southwest Africa (today’s Namibia), and German East Africa (today’s Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi) in the east.

What happened in Africa during World war 1?

When war broke out in Europe in 1914, English and French troops prepared to seize the four German colonies in Africa (German East Africa, German South-West Africa, Togoland and Cameroon). … Historians estimate that a million people died in East Africa as a direct result of the war.

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Which African countries were in ww1?

Africans from many countries served with the Allied forces during the First World War, as front line troops and in auxiliary roles. Participants came from Nigeria, the Gambia, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), South Africa, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Nyasaland (now Malawi), Kenya and the Gold Coast (now Ghana).

Why were Europeans defeated by Africans?

Germans were well trained and had a disciplined army. Germans had superior weapons/guns compared to the African soldiers/warriors who used mainly bows and arrows. … The African traditional religion which had promised that magic water could protect them from the German bullets failed hence their defeat.

What battle took place in Africa?

Anglo-Zulu War (1879, in Southern Africa)

Who went to war with Africa?

South African War, also called Boer War, Second Boer War, or Anglo-Boer War; to Afrikaners, also called Second War of Independence, war fought from October 11, 1899, to May 31, 1902, between Great Britain and the two Boer (Afrikaner) republics—the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State—resulting …

Who lost territory after ww1?

The Versailles Treaty forced Germany to give up territory to Belgium, Czechoslovakia and Poland, return Alsace and Lorraine to France and cede all of its overseas colonies in China, Pacific and Africa to the Allied nations.

How did Europe recover after ww1?

The reconstruction began with the transportation system, roads, canals and railways. The locals struggled to re-establish the industrial base that had been methodically dismantled and shipped off to Germany. It took until the late 1930s to get things back to pre-war conditions.

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What countries lost territory after ww1?

The collapse of the Russian Empire created Poland, the Baltics, and Finland. The Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolved into Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia. When the Ottoman Empire collapsed, Turkey was established. The German Empire became Germany, and Germany lost substantial territory outside Europe.