In sub-Saharan Africa, the Iron Age began sometime between 1000 and 550 BCE, and it began with the Nok people, a culture that sculpted elaborate terracotta figurines, farmed millet, and developed iron smelting.
Did Africa have an Iron Age?
Some recent studies date the inception of iron metallurgy in Africa between 3,000 and 2,500 BCE. … The use of iron ushered in an Iron Age in Africa, with the expansion of agriculture, industry, trade, and political power.
Where did the Iron Age begin in Africa?
Iron smelting and forging technologies may have existed in West Africa among the Nok culture of Nigeria as early as the sixth century B.C. In the period from 1400 to 1600, iron technology appears to have been one of a series of fundamental social assets that facilitated the growth of significant centralized kingdoms in …
When did the Iron Age start in Southern Africa?
The Southern African Iron Age began around 1 800 years ago, when the Ntu speaking (formerly known as Bantu) peoples moved into the area.
When did the Iron Age start and end?
The Iron Age was a period in human history that started between 1200 B.C. and 600 B.C., depending on the region, and followed the Stone Age and Bronze Age. During the Iron Age, people across much of Europe, Asia and parts of Africa began making tools and weapons from iron and steel.
How did the people of Africa discovered iron?
Africa is rather large, and the smelting of iron took place there for at least 2500 years. The technology, if it wasn’t invented independently, could easily have reached Northern Africa via the Phoenicians and the Meroitic regions (now Sudan) down the Nile from the Hitittes when they had invaded Egypt. …
Did the Zulus have iron?
The only iron artefacts the Zulu really used were assegai blades and hoe heads. Blacksmithing was carried out by certain families with the trade passed down from father to son. Iron ore was not mined, being scavenged from the ground surface.
Who brought iron to Africa?
The earliest iron artifacts in the world were beads made by the Egyptians about 5,000 years ago. The earliest smelting in sub-Saharan Africa dates to the 8th century BCE in Ethiopia.
When was steel invented in Africa?
Around 2000 years ago, the Haya people of Africa, were the first to invent, make and use steel, with furnaces achieving up to 1500 C.
When was iron first discovered?
History. Iron objects have been found in Egypt dating from around 3500 BC.
Why was the time when the first African farmers lived called the Iron Age?
The term ‘Iron Age’ is a convenient label for this period, as people made tools from iron, however, all the other facets of these societies should not be ignored. Archaeologists therefore use terms such as ‘agriculturists’ or ‘farmers’. The entry of farmers did not end the occupation of hunter-gatherers.
What came after the Iron Age?
The end of the Iron Age is generally considered to coincide with the Roman Conquests, and history books tell us that it was succeeded by Antiquity and then the Middle Ages.
How did iron Change West Africa?
Iron played a central role in many societies of early Africa. It held both spiritual and material power. Physically, Africans used iron to create tools for agriculture, utensils for everyday life, and weapons for protection and conquest (Shillington, 2012, p. 45).
Who discovered the Iron Age?
Archeologists believe that iron was discovered by the Hittites of ancient Egypt somewhere between 5000 and 3000 BCE. During this time, they hammered or pounded the metal to create tools and weapons.
What started the Iron Age?
The “Iron Age” begins locally when the production of iron or steel has advanced to the point where iron tools and weapons replace their bronze equivalents in common use. In the Ancient Near East, this transition took place in the wake of the so-called Bronze Age collapse, in the 12th century BC.
When was Iron Age in England?
The Iron Age in Britain began around 750BC and lasted until the coming of the Romans in AD43. It was the arrival of iron working techniques from southern Europe that brought Britain into the Iron Age.