The geographic location of Nigeria makes suitable climate for malaria transmission throughout the country and it is all year round in most part of the country. The most prevalent malaria parasite species is Plasmodium falciparum (>95%) and it is responsible for most forms of the severe disease [1,2].
Why is malaria so high in Nigeria?
The malaria burden in Nigeria is high – 25% of cases globally. The causes include the climate, high transmission potential, socioeconomic development, an overstretched health care system and displaced populations.
Is malaria prevalent in Nigeria?
Nigeria suffers the world’s greatest malaria burden, with approximately 51 million cases and 207,000 deaths reported annually (approximately 30 % of the total malaria burden in Africa), while 97 % of the total population (approximately 173 million) is at risk of infection .
Why is malaria so common in Africa?
Africa is the most affected due to a combination of factors: A very efficient mosquito (Anopheles gambiae complex) is responsible for high transmission. The predominant parasite species is Plasmodium falciparum , which is the species that is most likely to cause severe malaria and death.
Where is malaria found in Nigeria?
Prevalence ranges from 16% in the South and South East Zones to 34% in the North West Zone. In rural populations, prevalence is 2.4 times that in urban populations (31% vs. 13%)
What is the Nigerian government doing about malaria?
The Nigerian government has launched a national malaria elimination programme, ramping up the distribution of mosquito nets and access to drug therapies, and expanding a plan for vector management.
How has malaria affected Nigeria?
Malaria is the number one public health problem in Nigeria, responsible for about 30% of deaths in under-fives and 25% of deaths in infants and 11% maternal mortality. This study estimated the economic burden of malaria in Nigeria using the cost of illness approach.
Is malaria common in Lagos?
In Lagos State, malaria accounts for more than 70% of outpatient in the public health facilities. More than 700,000 malaria cases are reported annually. 657,154 patients with malaria were seen in both private and public health facilities in 2020.
Who is most affected by malaria in Nigeria?
The WHO African Region continues to carry a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden. In 2020 the Region was home to 95% of all malaria cases and 96% of deaths. Children under 5 years of age accounted for about 80% of all malaria deaths in the Region.
Is there malaria in Lagos Nigeria?
“Although, malaria prevalence is low in Lagos State, the burden is still high as over 700,000 people are diagnosed with the disease annually.
Why is malaria not in the UK?
It doesn’t occur in the UK. It’s transmitted by the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. There are 5 types of Plasmodium that cause the disease in humans; Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum ( P. falciparum) are the most common.
Why is there no malaria in America?
Malaria transmission in the United States was eliminated in the early 1950s through the use of insecticides, drainage ditches and the incredible power of window screens. But the mosquito-borne disease has staged a comeback in American hospitals as travelers return from parts of the world where malaria runs rampant.
Why is there no malaria in Europe?
Malaria was eradicated from Europe in the 1970s through a combination of insecticide spraying, drug therapy and environmental engineering. Since then, it has been mostly imported into the continent by international travellers and immigrants from endemic regions.
Is malaria a virus or bacteria?
Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Four kinds of malaria parasites infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, P.
Why is malaria so common in Africa south of the Sahara?
It may be surprising that most cases occur on the African continent. Malaria is common in the area south of the Sahara Desert (called sub-Saharan Africa) because the disease spreads almost entirely in poor regions with tropical and subtropical climates. The local weather allows for transmission to occur year round.