The territory of Zambia was known as Northern Rhodesia from 1911 to 1964. It was renamed Zambia in October 1964 on its independence from British rule.
Who colonized Zambia?
Zambia’s colonization began in 1888 when the British South Africa Company secured mineral rights in the area. It became a British Protectorate in 1899, being governed as part of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia.
What was the name of Zambia before independence?
independence. and Northern Rhodesia (Zambia) in the south in 1964. White residents of Southern Rhodesia, however, declared their own independence in defiance of London and the UN.
Who was the president of Zambia before independence?
Upon independence and the renaming of the country as Zambia, Prime Minister Kenneth Kaunda was elected as the first President.
What was Zambia called before 1911?
In 1911 it was divided into Northern and Southern Rhodesia (present-day Zambia and Zimbabwe, respectively); Southern Rhodesia became a self-governing British colony (1923) and Northern Rhodesia a British protectorate (1924). They joined with Nyasaland to become the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland (1953–63).
When was Zambia founded?
The area of modern Zambia is known to have been inhabited by the Khoisan and Batwa peoples until around AD 300 when migrating Bantu began to settle around these areas. Its is believed the Khoisan people groups originated in East Africa and spread southwards around 150,000 years ago.
Was Zambia part of the British Empire?
British Colonization (1888-1964)
Zambia’s colonization began in 1888 when the British South Africa Company secured mineral rights in the area. It became a British Protectorate in 1899, being governed as part of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia. Zambia became an independent country in 1964.
Where did the Tonga of Zambia came from?
The Tonga people of Zambia and Zimbabwe (also called ‘Batonga’) are a Bantu ethnic group of southern Zambia and the neighboring northern Zimbabwe, and to a lesser extent, in Mozambique. They are related to the Batoka who are part of the Tokaleya people in the same area, and also to the Tonga people of Malawi.
Who gave Zambia its name?
1960 – Independence struggle: Kenneth Kaunda launches United National Independence Party (UNIP). 1964 – Independence: Northern Rhodesia renamed Zambia, President Kaunda rules for next 27 years.
What was Zimbabwe called before independence?
Prior to its recognized independence as Zimbabwe in 1980, the nation had been known by several names: Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia and Zimbabwe Rhodesia.
Who is the Zambian 7th president?
Hakainde Hichilema (born 4 June 1962) is a Zambian businessman, farmer and politician who is the seventh and current president of Zambia since 24 August 2021. After having contested five previous elections in 2006, 2008, 2011, 2015 and 2016, he won the 2021 presidential election with over 59% of the vote.
Why did the British colonized Zambia?
The British government hoped to increase white settlement as part of a wider strategy to strengthen British influence between South Africa and Kenya. Land was reserved for white ownership along the railway line, in the far north, and in the east.
How old is Malawi?
The part of Africa now known as Malawi was settled around the 10th century by migrating Bantu groups. Centuries later, in 1891, the area was colonized by the British and became a protectorate of the United Kingdom known as Nyasaland.
What was Botswana called before independence?
Before its independence in 1966, Botswana was a British protectorate known as Bechuanaland. It was also one of the poorest and least-developed states in the world. The country is named after its dominant ethnic group, the Tswana (“Bechuana” in older variant orthography).
What is Zambia’s religion?
According to Zambia Statistics Agency (ZamStats) estimates, 95.5 percent of the country’s population is Christian; of these, 75.3 percent identify as Protestant, and 20.2 percent as Roman Catholic.