Who brought maize to Kenya?
Maize has been grown in Kenya since at least the 16th century when it was introduced by Arab traders to the coastal areas and expanded further with the arrival of European settlers.
Who introduced maize?
Maize (/meɪz/ MAYZ; Zea mays subsp. mays, from Spanish: maíz after Taino: mahiz), also known as corn (North American and Australian English), is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
Who introduced corn in Africa?
Maize first arrived on the African coast during the seventeenth century. It was initially introduced by the Portuguese to supply their trading forts, but the crop was quickly adopted by African farmers due to its high energy yield, its low labor requirements, and its short growing season.
When was maize introduced into Africa?
It was then brought to the African continent around 1500 AD where it quickly spread to all corners of the continent in a relatively short period of 500 years. It is now Africa’s most important grain crop. In South Africa, maize was first introduced in 1655, and has since become one of dominant food crops.
When was maize introduced to Kenya?
The most generally accepted hypothesis is that after being taken from the Americas to Europe in 1494, maize was introduced to the African continent through several routes during the 16th century.
What was the popular grain used in Kenya before maize was introduced?
Portuguese traders introduced maize to the Kenyan coastal region in the 19th Century. Before that, sorghum and millet were the grains of the day.
Who named maize?
Corn was completely unknown in Europe, Asia, or Africa before the 16th century, after the Spanish brought it over to Europe from the New World. They didn’t call it corn, but rather maize. The word maize comes a word of the Taino people of the Caribbean, mahiz.
What is the introduction of maize?
Maize, which was domesticated in central Mexico around 1500 BC, was introduced into Africa around 1500 AD, and spread to every corner of the continent within a relatively short period and is now Africa’s most important cereal crop.
Which is the origin place of maize?
The primary centre of origin of maize is considered by most authorities to be the Central America and Mexico, where many diverse types of maize are found. The discovery of fossil maize pollen with other archaeological evidence in Mexico indicates Mexico to be the native of maize.
When did Nigeria introduce maize?
It originated from South and Central America. It was introduced to West Africa by the Portuguese in the 10th century. Maize is one of the important grains in Nigeria, not only on the basis of the number of farmers that engaged in its cultivation, but also in its economic value.
When was maize introduced to Zambia?
The first step in the development of a maize seed industry in Zambia was the establishment in 1913, by the then Department of Agriculture, of ‘Experimental Gardens’ at Chilanga and Mazabuka to introduce and test several maize varieties from South Africa.
When was maize introduced to Zimbabwe?
Radio carbon-dating of pottery shows maize grain dating back to Munhumutapa’s Zunde raMambo era, roughly dating from the 10th to 15th Century Zimbabwe. This was a sophisticated centrally-organised granary system, where every household in the Shona dukedoms contributed to a sovereign state granary.
Did corn originate in Africa?
The origins of corn are not explicitly clear but scholars widely agree that it originated in the Mexican highlands around 1500 BC and was established in Africa around 1500 AD. Before the introduction of maize, African staple diets consisted of sorghum, rapoko, millet, manioc and yam.
What is the origin of maize meal?
Maize is an ancient grain that is believed to have originated in Southern Americas, where it was cultivated by ancient Mexican civilisations like the Olmec and Maya tribes. From there maize spread throughout Southern America and travelled to the North Americas.