The territory to the north of the Zambezi was officially designated Northern Rhodesia by the company, and has been Zambia since 1964; that to the south, which the company dubbed Southern Rhodesia, became Zimbabwe in 1980. Northern and Southern Rhodesia were sometimes informally called “the Rhodesias”.
Which country is formerly known as Rhodesia?
Rhodesia (/roʊˈdiːʒə/, /roʊˈdiːʃə/), officially from 1970 the Republic of Rhodesia, was an unrecognised state in Southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to modern Zimbabwe.
What was Zambia before Northern Rhodesia?
The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland formed in 1953 was intensely unpopular among the vast African majority and its formation hastened calls for majority rule. As a result of this pressure, the country became independent in 1964 as Zambia.
What two countries were known as Rhodesia?
Rhodesia, region, south-central Africa, now divided into Zimbabwe in the south and Zambia in the north. Named after British colonial administrator Cecil Rhodes, it was administered by the British South Africa Company in the 19th century and exploited mostly for its gold, copper, and coal deposits.
Which country granted independence from Britain in 1964 was formerly known as Northern Rhodesia?
Northern Rhodesia became the Republic of Zambia on 24 October 1964, with Kenneth Kaunda as the first president. At independence, despite its considerable mineral wealth, Zambia faced major challenges.
What is the new name of South West Africa?
South West Africa became known as Namibia by the UN when the General Assembly changed the territory’s name by Resolution 2372 (XXII) of 12 June 1968.
When did Northern Rhodesia become Zambia?
Northern Rhodesia was a British protectorate before 24 October 1964, when it became independent as the Republic of Zambia. From 1 August 1953 to 31 December 1963, it was part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, a self-governing loose federation of Northern Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
What is the old name of Botswana?
Before its independence in 1966, Botswana was a British protectorate known as Bechuanaland. It was also one of the poorest and least-developed states in the world. The country is named after its dominant ethnic group, the Tswana (“Bechuana” in older variant orthography).
What is Zambia’s history?
The area of modern Zambia is known to have been inhabited by the Khoisan and Batwa peoples until around AD 300 when migrating Bantu began to settle around these areas. Its is believed the Khoisan people groups originated in East Africa and spread southwards around 150,000 years ago.
What was the first capital of Northern Rhodesia?
Lusaka became the capital of Northern Rhodesia in 1935. The city figured prominently in the movement for independence and was where the Federation of African Societies founded the Northern Rhodesian Congress in 1948.
What was South Africa called before?
The name “South Africa” is derived from the country’s geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. Upon formation, the country was named the Union of South Africa in English and Unie van Zuid-Afrika in Dutch, reflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate British colonies.
What was Zimbabwe called before it was called Rhodesia?
The name Zimbabwe was officially adopted concurrently with Britain’s grant of independence in April 1980. Prior to that point, the country had been called Southern Rhodesia from 1898 to 1964 (or 1980, according to British law), Rhodesia from 1964 to 1979, and Zimbabwe Rhodesia between June and December 1979.
What became Rhodesia?
On 18 April, Southern Rhodesia became the independent Republic of Zimbabwe.
Why did Rhodesia change its name to Zimbabwe?
Nomenclature. As early as 1960, African nationalist political organisations in Rhodesia agreed that the country should use the name “Zimbabwe”; they used that name as part of the titles of their organisations. … Meanwhile, the white Rhodesian community was reluctant to drop the name “Rhodesia”, hence a compromise was met …
How old is Zambia’s independence?
|Republic of Zambia|
|Independence from the United Kingdom|
|• North-Western Rhodesia||27 June 1890|
|• Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia||28 November 1899|
When did Southern Rhodesia become Rhodesia?
|Colony of Southern Rhodesia (1923–1964) (1979–1980) Colony of Rhodesia (1964–1965)|
|• Republic declared||3 March 1970|
|• Zimbabwe Rhodesia||1 June 1979|
|• Independence||18 April 1980|