Historians surmise that Great Zimbabwe was a highly stratified society, with farmers, livestock herders, artisans, and ordinary laborers fulfilling distinct roles; such clear divisions usually reflected a social order governed by a strong, centralized authority.
They traditionally have a strong regional clan structure, with six main groups: the Manyika, the Ndau, the Zezuru, the Karanga, the Korekore and the Rozvi. These groups are formed on the basis of linguistic and cultural similarities.
What were the people of Great Zimbabwe like?
The first inhabitants of Great Zimbabwe were Shona-speaking peoples who likely settled in the region as early as 400 C.E. Back then, the land was full of possibilities: plains of fertile soil to support farming and herding, and mineral rich territories to provide gold, iron, copper, and tin for trading and crafting.
What were the jobs in Great Zimbabwe?
The Africans who built Great Zimbabwe primarily were farmers and herders, although the elite also controlled long distance trade. Some people made pottery, mined gold or worked with metal during the dry season of May to October, when other labor was little in demand.
Who ruled Great Zimbabwe?
Around 1430 CE, Prince Nyatsimba Mutota of Great Zimbabwe founded the new Kingdom of Mutapa and established his own royal dynasty. Mutapa grew to eclipse its neighbour, partly due to the internal political instability, famine and the exhaustion of gold mines within Zimbabwe’s territories.
Most sociologists define social class as a grouping based on similar social factors like wealth, income, education, and occupation. These factors affect how much power and prestige a person has. Social stratification reflects an unequal distribution of resources.
How did the ruling classes of Great Zimbabwe generate wealth and demonstrate their elite status?
The ruling elite appears to have controlled wealth through the management of cattle, which were the staple diet at Great Zimbabwe. … The enormous walls are the best-preserved testaments of Great Zimbabwe’s past and the largest example of an architectural type seen in archaeological sites throughout the region.
What was Great Zimbabwe known for?
Great Zimbabwe was a medieval African city known for its large circular wall and tower. It was part of a wealthy African trading empire that controlled much of the East African coast from the 11th to the 15th centuries C.E.
How did the Great Zimbabwe society develop?
Archaeological evidence suggests that Great Zimbabwe became a center for trading, with a trade network linked to Kilwa Kisiwani and extending as far as China. … Nyatsimba Mutota from Great Zimbabwe established his dynasty at Chitakochangonya Hill, and the land he conquered would become the Kingdom of Mutapa.
What is Zimbabwe best known for?
It is a country of superlatives, thanks to Victoria Falls (the largest waterfall in the world) and Lake Kariba (the largest man-made lake in terms of volume). National parks such as Hwange and Mana Pools teem with wildlife, making Zimbabwe one of the continent’s best places to go on safari.
Was Great Zimbabwe matrilineal?
The Culture, Traditions, and Heritage of Zimbabwe
Being patrilineal means the descent is through the male line, and the woman moves in the man’s home after marriage. The Tonga group, however, is matrilineal, where the man moves in with the woman after marriage.
Why was there a disagreement about who built Great Zimbabwe?
The “Zimbabwe controversy” is a name by which disputes over the origins of the people who produced stone ruins and mines in southern Africa are known. … By the 1860s, however, when other explorers “discovered” stone ruins, they argued that black people could not have built them.
How did the environmental impact Great Zimbabwe?
One is environmental: that a combination of overgrazing and drought caused the soil on the Zimbabwe Plateau to become exhausted. It is estimated that between 5,000 to 30,000 people lived on and around the site. A decline in land productivity would easily have led to famine.
What does the name Zimbabwe mean?
The name “Zimbabwe” comes from the Shona term “dzimba dzamabwe”, which means “stone buildings” and refers to the stone walls used to separate and surround houses and kraals in ancient Shona settlements, like Great Zimbabwe.
Where did Zimbabwe get its name?
Etymology. The name “Zimbabwe” stems from a Shona term for Great Zimbabwe, a medieval city (Masvingo) in the country’s south-east whose remains are now a protected site.
What is the Shona religion?
Religion: The Shona religion is a blend of monotheism and veneration of ancestors. The creator god, Mwari, is omnipotent but also remote; ancestors and other spirits serve as intermediaries between Mwari and the people.