In 1821, the marimba was proclaimed the national instrument of Guatemala in its independence proclamation.
Which country invented the marimba?
The origin of the marimba is uncertain; some believe that it had originated in Southeast Asia in the 14th Century, and others that it came from Africa. The instrument was brought to South America in the early 16th Century by either African slaves or by pre-Columbian African contact.
What part of Africa did the marimba come from?
Origins in Africa
It is generally accepted that xylophones with calabashes as resonators, which became the model for Latin American marimbas and gave them the name, were first widespread in central Africa (Tanzania, Congo).
Which African tribe made the first marimba?
The Zulu tribe in Africa has a very magical tale regarding the invention of the marimba. It is said that an ancient goddess named Marimba created the instrument. This goddess obviously was responsible for the music of the tribe. According to folklore, she made the marimba and attached the gourds.
Is the marimba African?
Marimba is one of many African names for the xylophone, and, because African instruments bearing this name frequently have a tuned calabash resonator for each wooden bar, some ethnomusicologists use the name marimba to distinguish gourd-resonated from other xylophones. …
What are the musical instruments of Africa?
African musical instruments include a wide range of drums, slit gongs, rattles and double bells, different types of harps, and harp-like instruments such as the Kora and the ngoni, as well as fiddles, many kinds of xylophone and lamellophone such as the mbira, and different types of wind instrument like flutes and …
What countries use the marimba?
Marimbas have become widely popular around the world being used throughout Africa, South East Asia, Europe, North America, South America and Central America.
What instrument family is the marimba in?
The marimba and the narrowly-defined xylophone are part of the xylophone family, while the glockenspiel, the vibraphone, and others are in the metallophone family. The marimba has the widest range of any tone-plate percussion instrument.
Where is the mbira instrument from?
The thumb piano, or mbira – a name derived from Shona language of Zimbabwe – is uniquely African percussion instrument. In the distant past it was made entirely of wood or bamboo and could have been used for a few thousand years.
What is a musical percussion instrument?
2-Min Summary. percussion instrument, any musical instrument belonging to either of two groups, idiophones or membranophones. Idiophones are instruments whose own substance vibrates to produce sound (as opposed to the strings of a guitar or the air column of a flute); examples include bells, clappers, and rattles.
Is the harp a string instrument?
harp, stringed instrument in which the resonator, or belly, is perpendicular, or nearly so, to the plane of the strings. Each string produces one note, the gradation of string length from short to long corresponding to that from high to low pitch.
What is the most popular instrument in Africa?
Most widely spread and played instruments in Africa are the drum, the xylophone, the mbira, rattles and shakers. The one-string musical bow, played all over the continent but now nearly abandoned, was once responsible for all the vocal scales that are used today in African music.
What genre of music is marimba?
Classical music is the most common genre in which the marimba is used, and it is frequently featured in instrumental songs. The marimba is typically used in smaller ensembles, making it a good fit for jazz. The marimba can be used rock and pop artists, but it is usually used sparingly.
Where did marimba music originate?
According to oral history, the story of the marimba began a long, long time ago in Africa, where holes were dug in the ground, wooden bars were made to cross over this hole, and the bars were struck to produce sound.
Where did the local marimba originate from in Zimbabwe?
But the Zimbabwean marimba, widespread in urban schools and tourist venues, dates only from the early 1960s, when African xylophones of a modern design were introduced at the Kwanongoma College of African Music in Bulawayo.
Where is the largest marimba found?
The largest marimba measures 1 m 1.4 cm (3 ft 3 in) high, 4 m 10 cm (13 ft 5 in) long, 1 m 43.9 cm (4 ft 8 in) wide at the bass end and 34.2 cm (1 ft 1 in) wide at the high end and was created by Eduardo Baltazar Solorzano Árcia (Mexico). It was presented and measured in Ocosingo, Chiapas, Mexico, on 22 April 2009.