Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a food plant introduced in Africa from America by the Portuguese in 1558.
Where did cassava originated from?
Cassava is a perennial woody shrub with an edible root, which grows in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Cassava originated from tropical America and was first introduced into Africa in the Congo basin by the Portuguese around 1558.
How did cassava get to Africa?
Cassava was introduced to Africa by Portuguese traders from Brazil in the 16th century.
What is cassava called in Africa?
Also known as yuca or manioc, its starchy roots provide food and income to more than 800 million people worldwide. In Africa, where consumption is highest, cassava plants bear smaller yields than their cousins in Asia and South America.
Where was cassava discovered?
Cassava (Manihot esculenta), also called manioc or yuca, is a drought-tolerant crop that originated in South America, possibly from a vast tropical savanna known as the Cerrado in present-day Brazil. Domesticated cassava began spreading away from that area as early as 10,000 years ago.
Who brought cassava to Nigeria?
In all, over four-fifths of the cultivable land area is suitable for cassava growing (Figure 1). Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) was introduced into central Africa from south America in the sixteenth century by the early Portuguese explorers (Jones, 1959).
Who brought cassava to West Africa?
In Africa (sub-Saharan Africa), the diffusion of cassava can be described as a self-spreading innovation. Cassava was introduced into Africa by Portuguese traders from Brazil in the 16th century (Okigbo, 1980). It was initially adopted as a famine-reserve crop.
Can cassava growing in South Africa?
Cassava is grown as a secondary crop in South Africa by smallholders and is utilised for the production of starch (commercial and food grade starch). Currently, 20 000 tons of its starch are produced commercially. Chachoengsao, Prachin Buri and Udon Thani.
Is cassava the same as taro?
Taro is short and oval. The cassava is easy to distinguish because it’s long and narrow. These have a brown, bark-like outer skin, very much like a tree would but thin enough that it can be peeled off using a sharp vegetable peeler or your knife. The taro meanwhile is a stumpy little oval in shape with a pointed end.
When did cassava enter Nigeria?
Cassava, a perennial woody shrub with an edible root, was first cultivated in South America and introduced to Nigeria in the sixteenth century (Adeniji et al., 2005).
When did cassava come to Ghana?
Despite the introduction of cassava to Ghana in the 16th century and its substantial contributions to the livelihood of the populace, the crop has remained in obscurity and neglect.
What countries have cassava?
Almost 70 percent of world cassava production are concentrated in five countries, namely Nigeria, Brazil, Thailand, Indonesia and the Congo Democratic Republic.
Which country eats cassava?
Fried cassava is a common snack food in Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and several Central American countries including Panama. In Brazil, there is also a fried cassava dish called cassava fries, a typical substitute for French fries.