Australopithecus africanus is an extinct species of australopithecine which lived from 3.67 to 2 million years ago in the Middle Pliocene to Early Pleistocene of South Africa. The species has been recovered from Taung and the Cradle of Humankind at Sterkfontein, Makapansgat, and Gladysvale.
Which species of Australopithecus is from the Republic of South Africa?
History of Discovery:
Raymond Dart described it and named the species Australopithecus africanus (meaning southern ape of Africa), it took more than 20 years for the scientific community to widely accept Australopithecus as a member of the human family tree.
Which hominin is from South Africa?
Homo naledi is a species of archaic human discovered in 2013 in the Rising Star Cave, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa dating to the Middle Pleistocene 335,000–236,000 years ago.
When did Australopithecus arrive in SA?
Ples,” an Australopithecus africanus skull from 2.7 million years ago found in 1947 at Sterkfontein, South Africa, and originally classified as Plesianthropus transvaalensis by anthropologist Robert Broom.
Where were the bones of Australopithecus found in South Africa?
Australopithecus species (unnamed), South Africa
Lived 3.2-million years ago. An Australopithecus skeleton nicknamed “Little Foot” was found in the Sterkfontein Caves in 1997.
Where did the Australopithecus come from?
A new species of the genus Australopithecus (Primates: Hominidae) from the Pliocene of Eastern Africa.
What is the oldest Australopithecus fossil in South Africa?
In 2019, Clarke and South African palaeoanthropologist Kathleen Kuman redated StW 573 to 3.67 million years ago, making it the oldest Australopithecus specimen from South Africa.
Which of the following differentiates Paranthropus from Australopithecus?
The main difference between Paranthropus and Australopithecus is that Paranthropus is more robust whereas Australopithecus is more gracile. … In addition, Paranthropus has larger teeth known as molars and larger jaw while Australopithecus has smaller teeth and a smaller jaw.
Where are most hominid fossils found?
Hot on the heels of that discovery came the most surprising one of all—a skull from Chad, about 1,500 miles west of the Great Rift Valley of eastern Africa where many of the most ancient hominids have been found.
Are orangutans hominids?
Hominidae includes the great apes—that is, the orangutans (genus Pongo), the gorillas (Gorilla), and the chimpanzees and bonobos (Pan)—as well as human beings (Homo).
What are 3 facts about Australopithecus?
They were similar to modern humans in that they were bipedal (that is, they walked on two legs), but, like apes, they had small brains. Their canine teeth were smaller than those found in apes, and their cheek teeth were larger than those of modern humans.
Why is the Australopithecus africanus a transitional species?
This species was the first of our pre-human ancestors to be discovered, but was initially rejected from our family tree because of its small brain. This opinion changed when new evidence showed this species had many features intermediate between apes and humans.
What are the fossils found in South Africa?
The Taung Skull Fossil Site is where the Taung Child, the type-specimen of Australopithecus africanus, was found in 1924. The site is in the North West province, approximately 300km west of Johannesburg. It was declared part of the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site in 2005, along with the Makapans Valley.
What nickname was given to Australopithecus?
“Lucy” is the nickname given to the Australopithecus afarensis skeleton fossils discovered in East Africa in 1974.
What tools did the Australopithecus use?
The bones date to roughly 3.4 million years ago and provide the first evidence that Lucy’s species, Australopithecus afarensis, used stone tools and consumed meat. The research is reported in the August 12th issue of the journal Nature.
How did Australopithecus africanus go extinct?
All the australopithids went extinct by about 1 million years ago, about 3 million years after they first appeared. Habitats may have vanished as a result of global climate cooling — or the australopithids may have been pressed to extinction by the growing populations of early humans.